Most riders we see are on bikes that are too big for them to ride properly. This is because the bike industry is making bikes longer, but they have not updated the sizing charts.

Before you spend money on a sweet new bike, please follow these steps:

1. Ignore the bike maker’s sizing charts

The critical number when selecting a bike is frame reach. As part of the bike industry’s trend toward longer and slacker and badder-ass-seeming bikes, frame reaches have gotten much longer. A current size small might have a frame reach longer than a size large from a few years ago, but the sizing charts have not been updated to reflect that.

If companies like Yeti and Ibis and Transition were honest about the sizing for their trail and enduro bikes, they’d say:

“If you’re shorter than 5’9″, sorry. Either don’t ride our bikes, or ride one that’s too big for you.”

That’s the current truth. Cross country bikes with more traditional geometry aren’t as long, but you’ll still be smart to ignore the sizing charts.

2. Measure your body RAD

When you are standing tall in a bike stance, with your fists punched downward, this is the distance from the floor to the first (biggest) middle knuckle. Be very careful to get an accurate number. Most people get a number that’s way too high.

The most accurate method uses a RipRow or a handlebar or broomstick.

The second most accurate method can be seen in this Joy of Bike video.

If you don’t want to bother with measuring, and you think you have average proportions, multiply your height in centimeters by 0.447.

3. Calculate your target frame reach

For a quick estimate of the viable range of frame reaches for you, multiply your RAD in cm by 5.4 then by 5.6.

If your RAD is 77cm, that gives you a target frame reach of 415 to 430mm. If you want to err toward easier handling, go with the shorter end of the spectrum. Anything longer than 430 makes it hard to get a bike that handles great.

NOTE: This assumes average proportions. If your proportions are unusual, you might benefit from a bike selection consultation.

4. Pick candidate bikes

Go to the geometry charts for bikes you’re interested in. Ignore all bikes whose reaches don’t fit you.

Warning: If you’re under about 5’9″ (175cm), it will be very hard to find bikes that fit. Open your mind to other brands and models. Don’t be too proud to ride a bike designed for teenagers. And don’t freak out if the bike that fits you has 27.5- or even 26-inch wheels. A proper fit is way more important than wheel size or suspension travel.

5. Dial in the details using the RideLogic calculator

Since you’ve measured your RAD, ignore the left column. Use the right column to play with the frame, stem, handlebar and stem numbers until you get the fit you love.

Go to the RideLogic bike calculator.

6. Buy without guesses or regrets

Once you have the bike, if you like, you can chase the final few millimeters using the on-bike check.

Have fun!


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